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Healthy Eating for Women Who Are Pregnant or Breastfeeding

Healthy Eating for Women Who Are Pregnant or Breastfeeding

Make healthy food choices to fuel your baby’s growth and keep you healthy during pregnancy and while you are breastfeeding.

Eat a variety of healthy foods

It’s important to eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, grains, protein foods, and dairy and fortified soy alternatives. Choose options for meals, beverages, and snacks that have limited added sugars, saturated fat, and sodium.

Get your plan

Calorie and nutrient needs are different during pregnancy and when you are breastfeeding. Get your MyPlate Plan to learn your estimated calorie needs and how to meet your food group goals.

Make smart seafood choices

Eating seafood during pregnancy may benefit your baby’s growth and is a healthy protein source for you during both pregnancy and breastfeeding. Choose options lower in methylmercury, like cod, salmon, or tilapia. Learn more at FDA’s Advice About Eating Fish webpage.

Ask about supplements

In addition to a healthy diet, your doctor may recommend a prenatal vitamin and mineral supplement to help you meet your needs. After pregnancy, your doctor may recommend switching from a prenatal to a multivitamin supplement during breastfeeding.

Keep food safe

You and your baby are at higher risk for foodborne illness. Only eat foods that have been cooked to the proper temperature and avoid unpasteurized (raw) milk or juice, raw sprouts, unwashed produce, cold deli meats, or soft cheese made from unpasteurized milk. See FoodSafety.gov for more information.

Avoid all alcohol

Women who are or may become pregnant should not drink any alcohol. Talk with your doctor before considering drinking alcohol while you are breastfeeding – though not drinking alcohol is the safest option.

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MyPlate.gov is based on the
Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025

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